Manufacturing processes found in automotive production facilities can generate a range of airborne pollutants which can be harmful to health if left in the atmosphere. Oil mist particles generated as a result of metalworking applications have been proven to cause allergic extrinsic alveolitis, whilst fume and dust inhalation can cause a number of respiratory illnesses including occupational asthma, lung cancer and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), as well as skin diseases.
Processes including soldering, welding and paint-spraying can produce harmful fumes which must be controlled under CoSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health) regulations.
The HSE website includes a significant number of resources aimed at informing engineers of how to minimise risk from a variety of occupational hazards. Visit http://www.hse.gov.uk/asthma/engineering.htm to find out more.